1 Section for Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 unknown3 School of Communication and Culture - Linguistics, School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University4 School of Communication and Culture - Linguistics, School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University
The Germanic branch of Indo-European consists of three main groups (Ruhlen 1987: 327):- East Germanic: Gothic, Vandalic, Burgundian (all extinct);- North Germanic (or: Scandinavian): Runic (extinct), Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Faroese;- West Germanic: German, Yiddish, Luxembourgeois, Dutch, Afrikaans, Frisian, English.Here we will only consider the languages that are currently spoken in geographical Europe. Thus Afrikaans, which is spoken in South Africa, and the extinct languages Gothic, Vandalic, Burgundian, and Runic will not be taken into account (but see e.g. König & van der Auwera eds. 1994).
Constituent Order in the Languages of Europe, 1998, p. 75-104