The strong correlation between surrealist poetic images and collages-visual as well as textual-is the point of departure for this paper, which has a threefold aim. Firstly, it explores the relationship between poetic images and strategies on the one hand and the surrealist collages on the other. By analysing Max Ernst's collage techniques-and Louis Aragon's comments on them-the paper shows how the heterogeneous elements of Ernst's visual collages are unified to meaningful metaphors. Secondly, the paper substantiates this view by investigating the actual influence of Comte de Lautréamont's metaphorical imagery on the surrealists and of Max Ernst on Louis Aragon. The paper shows how poetic and visual devices are mixed by the surrealists and how these art forms influence each other. Thirdly, a theoretical framework is suggested, with reference to Paul Ricœur's conception of metaphor, to account for the aesthetic strategy of surrealist collages, visual and textual alike. The paper demonstrates how, by means of "predicative assimilation", the collages create new meaning and insight, thus satisfying the surrealists' aim of seeing the world in a new and open way.
Litteratur Og Visuell Kultur / Literature and Visual Culture, 2006, p. 297-310