Burcharth, Ana Luiza Lara de Araújo7; Søndergaard, Helle Alsted7; Knudsen, Mette Præst6
1 Department of Business Administration - Management, Department of Management, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University2 Department of Management, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University3 Centre for Organizational Renewal and Evolution (CORE), Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University4 Department of Management, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University5 Department of Marketing and Statistics, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University6 unknown7 Department of Management, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University
Unwillingness to receive and share knowledge
A key organizational barrier related to the implementation of open innovation strategies refers to the unwillingness of employees to undertake extra-organizational knowledge transactions. Negative attitudes against the utilization of external knowledge (i.e. the Not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome), as well as against the external commercialization of knowledge assets, for example, via licensing (i.e. the Not-sold-here (NSH) syndrome), may create resistance to these activities and, consequently, a misalignment between the intentions of top management and the attitudes of involved employees (Katz and Allen, 1982; Lichtenthaler et al., 2010). In this paper, we examine the extent to which these attitudes impact the actual adoption of both the inbound and the outbound approaches to open innovation. We posit that these attitudes have a negative influence, since they create unfavourable perceptions of the value of outside competencies and know-how, supporting only internal development and application of ideas and technologies. We test two hypotheses concerning the consequences of the NIH- and NSH-syndromes with cross-sectional survey data from 355 Danish firms. The population consists of firms in the manufacturing industries (NACE codes 10-37) with 5-499 employees. Our findings help explain the extent to which companies are able to benefit from inflows and outflows of knowledge.