on the duration of voluntary suppression of neutral and emotional memories
Using Anderson and Green's (2001) ‘‘think/no-think" paradigm with neutral and emotional nouns, we found in agreement with other studies that memory for neutral words was reduced instantly upon repeated attempts at suppression. However, the effect was temporary and vanished after a period of one week, which suggests that memory suppression interferes with immediate retrieval but does not lead to long-term forgetting. Furthermore, the amount of training that reduced immediate recall of neutral items did not at all reduce recall of emotional items. This finding is in accordance with the notion that emotional items have a higher degree of salience and tend to attract more attention than neutral items.
Main Research Area:
Theoretical perspectives on autobiographical memory, 2010