The narrative 1 Kgs 18 of Elijah's battle on M. Carmel with the Baalpriests can be viewed as yet another OT story of the appointment of the scapegoat. Using R. Girard's methdology it appears that the Baalpriests are held responsible for the drougth, and are slaughtered as a kind of sacrifice. Hereby the rain is caused to return, ending the collective crisis. At second sigth, though, the Baalpriests appear to be scapegoats for the one person responsible, Queen jezebel, who at first introduced the Tyrean Baal in Israel, and who is, for example, the one to inaugurate the miscarrage of justice in the case of naboth's Vieyard. At the same time there are tendencies in the Ahab cycle to portray the king as less guilty than he is judged usually; and there are traits that resemble the narratives of other, more positive kings in the Deuteronomistic History, Ahaz, Zedekiah, and Josiah.
Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament, 1995, Vol 9, Issue 1, p. 83-96
Elias; Akaz; Jezabel; Kampen på Karmel; syndebukkefunktion; Elijah; Ahaz; Jezebel; M. Carmel; scapegoating