1 Forskningsprogrammet for de videregående uddannelsers pædagogik, Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 Department of Curriculum Research, Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, Aarhus University3 Centre for Teaching Development and Digital Media, Arts, Aarhus University4 Centre for Teaching Development and Digital Media, Arts, Aarhus University
a re-description based on systems theoryEn systemteoretisk genbeskrivelse
Current methodology concerning participating observation in general leaves the act of observation unobserved. Approaching participating observation from systems theory offers fundamental new insights into the topic. Observation is always participation. There is no way to escape becoming a participant and, as such, co-producer of the observed phenomenon. There is no such thing as a neutral or objective description. As observation deals with differences and process meaning, all descriptions are reconstructions and interpretations of the observed. Hence, the idea of neutral descriptions as well as the idea of the naïve observer becomes a void. Not recognizing and observing oneself as observer and co-producer of empirical data simply leaves the process of observation as the major unobserved absorber of contingency in data production based on participating observation.
Historical Social Research, 2011, Vol 35, Issue 1, p. 106-123
participating observation; systems theory; observing observers