The Oedipus myth and a scapegoat pattern have been central issues in both Walter Burkert's and René Girard's writings about ancient Greek religion. This article proposes the existence of a comparable pattern in the Old Testament legend about the Ark (1-2 Samuel). Together with other Old Testament narratives (David, Moses) and other ancient Near Eastern legends and rituals, these instances form a transformational network, which shows some fundamental positions in a trans-cultural scapegoat-pattern of actantial positions: king, hero, villain and scapegoat.
Religion, 2007, Vol 37, Issue 1, p. 39-52
Gammel Testamente; René Girard; Walter Burkert; Syndebuk; Pagtens ark; Old Testament; Scapegoat pattern; Arc of the Covenant