The theoretical background of the article consists of the theory of intertextuality and of Harald Bloom's theory of the strong precursors. As an example of this a modern Danish hymn by Holger Lissner, "Cain, where is your brother?" is analysed and it is shown how the poet is able to use two different intertexts, Gen 4 from the Old Testament and the story of the crucifixion, to transform the story of Cain into a Christian hymn where Abel is Jesus and Cain is the reader of the hymn. After a presentation of the author's understanding of metaphors and metonymies, it is shown how personal images and images from the Danish nature are used in the hymns. It is further shown that modern poets are reluctant to talk about God as a God of history. As something new, Lars Busk Sørensen combines biblical imagery with philosophical concepts. It is concluded that biblical normativity is a challenge: "To live up to the biblical norm it must therefore be required of the theologian and the hymnwriter alike that their reading of the biblical message takes place not only as a repetition of the biblical words, but also as a reception and transformation of them."
Acta Jutlandica. Natural Science Series: Religion and Normativity, 2009, p. 172-186
Bibel normativitet moderne salmer; Bible normativity modern Danish hymns