1 Scandinavian Institute, Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 School of Communication and Culture - Scandinavian Studies, School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University3 School of Communication and Culture - Scandinavian Studies, School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University
What a Performative Theory of Illocutions Really Looks LikeHvordan en performativ teori om illokutioner virkelig ser ud
This paper presents a criticism of the classical speech act theory (Austin, Searle). In contrast to this theory, which operates with four to five types of basic illocutionary acts, I will argue for just one type: the assertive. Assertives are speech acts which can make locutions (propositions) true and false. It is the major argument in the paper that the assertive is the only kind of illocution we need, and that any suggestion that it should be otherwise has bad consequences for ontology, logic and a decent theory of meaning.