1 Center for Leksikografi, Department of Management - Nobelparken, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University2 Department of Language and Business Communication, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University3 School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University4 unknown5 School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University
There is much uncertainty and confusion as to the real differences between prescrip-tive and descriptive dictionaries. In general, the majority of existing accounts can be summed up to this: Descriptive relates to the empirical basis; accordance between the empirical data and the dictionary is required. Prescriptive relates to the genuine pur-pose of the dictionary; the dictionary is meant to help with problems concerning text production and will thus affect usage. This asymmetrical understanding would imply prescrip-tive and descriptive in practise being false contrasts. Here, we suggest a more consistent terminology which allows for both the function of the dictionary and the relation of the dictionary to the empirical basis.
Lexiconordica, 2002, Vol 9, p. 79-108
norm; deskription; deskriptiv; Dansk Sprognævn; proskription; præskription; præskriptiv; retskrivning; proskriptiv