1 Section for European Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 School of Culture and Society - International Studies, subject, School of Culture and Society, Arts, Aarhus University3 Jacobs University Bremen4 School of Culture and Society - International Studies, subject, School of Culture and Society, Arts, Aarhus University
Transnational Media and the European Public Sphere
Research about the European public sphere has so far mainly focused on the analysis of national media, neglecting a dimension of transnational communication, namely transnational media. These media could serve as horizontal links between the still nationally segmented public spheres and they could be platforms of a transnational European discourse. Four ideal-types of transnational media can be distinguished: (1) national media with a transnational mission, (2) international media, (3) pan-regional media and (4) global media. Within this framework the article analyses transnational media in Europe, showing that a multitude of transnational media have developed in Europe. They have acquired a small but growing and influential audience. Whether transnational media fulfil the normative demands related to the concept of a transnational public sphere remains an open question as some of these media heavily depend on government subsidies and there is a clear lack of research on the European discourses represented in these media.
International Communication Gazette, 2009, Vol 71, Issue 8, p. 693-712