Nielsen, Lars Relund3; Andersen, Kim Allan3; Pretolani, Daniele2
1 Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University2 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia3 Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University
A substantial amount of research has been devoted to the shortest path problem in networks where travel times are stochastic or (deterministic and) time-dependent. More recently, a growing interest has been attracted by networks that are both stochastic and time-dependent. In these networks, the best route choice is not necessarily a path, but rather a time-adaptive strategy that assigns successors to nodes as a function of time. In some particular cases, the shortest origin-destination path must nevertheless be chosen a priori, since time-adaptive choices are not allowed. Unfortunately, finding the a priori shortest path is NP-hard, while the best time-adaptive strategy can be found in polynomial time. In this paper, we propose a solution method for the a priori shortest path problem, and we show that it can be easily adapted to the ranking of the first K shortest paths. Moreover, we present a computational comparison of time-adaptive and a priori route choices, pointing out the effect of travel time and cost distributions. The reported results show that, under realistic distributions, our solution methods are effective.