1 Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University
In this paper I discuss the relationship between two different approaches to critical theory – the reflective and the receptive approaches. I show how it can be fruitful to discuss the relationship between Habermas and Foucault through this distinction. My point is that whereas Habermas focusses on critique as a reflexive activity, Foucault mainly focusses on the receptive conditions for critique to be possible. I argue further that Foucault focusses on the receptive aspects of critique, the quest for universality is not as pressing as it is in Habermas’ approach, because problematizing critique can happen through an awareness of how reality is not in accordance with the actually avowed normativity of the addressee.