Tourism is often claimed to be a major employment-creator and a viable path to development in rural areas. With the exception of the most sparsely populated areas, this is supported by Danish data for the overall growth in the number of enterprises and jobs, covering the period 1981-1994. The paper demonstrates and discusses the dynamics of regional tourism development in terms of the establishment, the survival and mortality of restaurants and accommodation facilities. This study of the ecology of organisations unveils a considerable turbulence, i.e. considerable numbers of firm entries as well as exits. Stability tends to correlate positively with urbanisation. In addition, the higher stability of enterprises in urban areas results in qualitatively different types of employment but, surprisingly, size and age of the organisation rather than managerial capacity or trained personnel seem to determine the chances of survival.
Geography; Hotels; Restaurants; Labour; Survival of enterprises; HHÅ forskning