Wagner, Hans Peter1; Kühnelt, M.2; Langbein, Wolfgang Werner1; Hvam, Jørn Märcher3
1 Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark2 Universität Regensburg3 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
We have measured the absolute values of the second-harmonic generation (SHG) coefficient \d\ for the zinc-blende II-VI semiconductors ZnTe, ZnSe, and ZnS at room temperature. The investigated spectral region of the fundamental radiation lambda(F) ranges from 520 to 1321 nm using various pulsed laser sources. In the transparent region of the II-VI semiconductors, the SHG coefficient exceeds the values of birefringent materials as ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP) and potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) by one or two orders of magnitudes. Above the E-0 band gap a strong dispersion of \d\ is observed, showing a maximum for a second-harmonic frequency close to the E-1 gap. The experimental results are compared to calculated values using a simple three-band model including spin-orbit splitting. Substantial agreement is found to the experimentally observed dispersion of the second-order nonlinear susceptibility. [S0163-1829(98)06539-4].
Physical Review B (condensed Matter and Materials Physics), 1998, Vol 58, Issue 16, p. 10494-10501