The AUSGeoid98 gravimetric geoid model of Australia has been computed using data from the EGM96 global geopotential model, the 1996 release of the Australian gravity database, a nationwide digital elevation model, and satellite altimeter-derived marine gravity anomalies. The geoid heights are on a 2 by 2 arcminute grid with respect to the GRS80 ellipsoid, and residual geoid heights were computed using the I-D fast Fourier transform technique. This has been adapted to include a deterministically modified kernel over a spherical cap of limited spatial extent in the generalised Stokes scheme. Comparisons of AUSGeoid98 with GPS and Australian Height Datum (AHD) heights across the continent give an RMS agreement of +/-0.364 m, although this apparently large value is attributed partly to distortions in the AHD.
Journal of Geodesy, 2001, Vol 75, Issue 5-6, p. 313-330
modified kernels; practical geoid computation; gravity data processing; Australia