A screen on an absorbing ground is investigated experimentally and theoretically under upwind conditions. The experimental data are the result of scale model experiments in a 1:25 scale model. The sound propagation is measured using a triggered spark source with signal spectrum averaging in the frequency domain. The meteorological data representing the wind conditions have been determined by means of hot-wire anemometry in positions on both sides of the screen as well as directly over the screen. The theoretical model used for comparison is a hybrid approach. The sound field without a barrier is determined by means of numerical integration of a Hankel transform solution for a stratified atmosphere [like a fast field program (FFP) but taking the near field into account]. This solution is used on both sides of the screen and is combined with a screen diffraction calculation. Results from the calculation model are able to explain the overall tendency in the experimental results.
Acoustical Society of America. Journal, 1996, Vol 100, Issue 6, p. 3581-3586