Bang, Ole2; Christiansen, Peter Leth3; Clausen, Carl A. Balslev1
1 Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modeling, Technical University of Denmark2 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark
We consider the simplest equations describing coupled quadratic nonlinear (chi((2))) systems, which each consists of a fundamental mode resonantly interacting with its second harmonic. Such discrete equations apply, e.g., to optics, where they can describe arrays of chi((2)) waveguides, and to Solid state physics, where they can describe nonlinear interface waves under the conditions of Fermi resonance of the adjacent crystals. Focusing on the monomer and dimer we discuss their Hamiltonian structure and find all stationary solutions and their stability properties. in one limit the nonintegrable dimer reduce to the discrete nonlinear Schrodinger (DNLS) equation with two degrees of freedom, which is integrable. We show how the stationary solutions to the two systems correspond to each other and how the self-trapped DNLS solutions gradually develop chaotic dynamics in the chi((2)) system, when going away from the near integrable limit.
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 1998, Vol 56, Issue 6, p. 7257-7266