1 Department of Systems Biology, Technical University of Denmark2 National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark
The influence of precultivation. parameters on the ability of Staphylococcus xylosus and Staphylococcus carnosus to convert branched-chain amino acids-leucine, isoleucine and valine-into volatile flavour compounds was investigated using resting cells in a defined reaction medium. The studied precultivation parameters were: growth phase, temperature, NaCl concentration and the concentration of leucine, isoleucine and valine (only for S. xylosus). Flavour compounds were sampled by automatic static headspace collection and separated/quantified using gas chromatography/flame ionization detection (GC/FID).Main catabolic products from degradation of leucine, isoleucine and valine were the flavour intensive branched-chain acids: 2-and 3-methylbutanoic and 2-methylpropanoic acids. The precultivation parameters altered the production of the branched-chain acids significantly, but to various degrees for S. xylosus and S. carnosus.Production of branched-chain acids by S. carnosus was only influenced slightly by the growth phase and not by changing the NaCl concentration between 4.0% and 10.0% (w/w). Lowering the temperature from 28degreesC to 18degreesC significantly decreased S. carnosus' generation of branched-chain acids. In contrast, S. xylosus was significantly influenced by all precultivation parameters, in particular by the growth phase. Cells taken from growing cultures had a much higher production of branched-chain acids compared to cells taken from stationary cultures. Addition of leucine and valine to the precultivation medium enhanced the production of branched-chain acids whereas addition of isoleucine had the opposite effect.
Food Microbiology, 2003, Vol 20, Issue 6, p. 621-629