Bottasso, C. L.3; Campagnolo, F.3; Croce, A.3; Dilli, S.3; Gualdoni, F.3; Nielsen, Martin Bjerre4
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Solid Mechanics, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Politecnico di Milano4 Coastal, Maritime and Structural Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
The present work describes a method for the structural optimization of wind turbine rotor blades for given prescribed aerodynamic shape. The proposed approach operates at various description levels producing cost-minimizing solutions that satisfy desired design constraints at the finest modeling level. At first, a “coarse”-level constrained design optimization is performed by using a 1D spatial geometrically exact beam model for aero-servo-elastic multibody analysis and load calculation, integrated with a 2D FEM cross sectional model for stress/strain analysis and the evaluation of the 1D model fully-populated cross sectional stiffness matrices. Next, a “fine”-level 3D FEM model is used for the refinement of the coarse-level solution. Improved results obtained at the level of the 3D model are utilized at the following coarse-level iteration through a heuristic modification of the design constraints. In addition, a buckling analysis is performed at the fine description level, which in turn affects the non-structural blade mass. The updated constraint bounds and mass make their effects felt at the next coarse-level constrained design optimization, thereby closing the loop between the coarse and fine description levels. The multi-level optimization procedure is implemented in a computer program and it is demonstrated on the design of a multi-MW horizontal axis wind turbine rotor blade.