1 Wind Energy Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark2 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark3 Systems Analysis Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark4 Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark5 Department of Solid Mechanics, Technical University of Denmark6 Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark7 unknown
This report is the final report of a Danish research project “Operation and control of large wind turbines and wind farms”. The objective of the project has been to analyse and assess operational strategies and possibilities for control of different typesof wind turbines and different wind farm concepts. The potentials of optimising the lifetime/energy production ratio by means of using revised operational strategies for the individual wind turbines are investigated. Different strategies have beensimulated, where the power production is decreased to an optimum when taking loads and actual price of produced electricity into account. Dynamic models and control strategies for the wind farms have also been developed, with the aim to optimise theoperation of the wind farms considering participation in power system control of power (frequency) and reactive power (voltage), maximise power production, keep good power quality and limit mechanical loads and life time consumption. The projectdeveloped models for 3 different concepts for wind farms. Two of the concepts use active stall controlled wind turbines, one with AC connection and one with modern HVDC/VSC connection of the wind farm. The third concept is based on pitch controlled windturbines using doubly fed induction generators. The models were applied to simulate the behaviour of the wind farm control when they were connected to a strong grid, and some initial simulations were performed to study the behaviour of the wind farms whenit was isolated from the main grid on a local grid. Also the possibility to use the available information from the wind turbine controllers to predict the wind speed has been investigated. The main idea has been to predict the wind speed at a windturbine using up-wind measurements of the wind speed in another wind turbine.