Kristiansen, Finn Harken2; Jensen, Søren Østergaard4
1 Department of Buildings and Energy, Technical University of Denmark2 Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Danish Technological Institute4 Danish Technological Institute
Measurement and calculation
For more than a year, measurements have been made on an air/fluid solar heating system with heat pump. The annual thermal performance of the system has been found and compared with simulations carried out by means of the simulation program KVIKSOL.The heat loss of the hot water tank is calculated manually (partly estimated) as it has turned out to be very difficult to measure the performed energy quantity of the heat pump to the hot water tank. The top temperature in the tank is comparatively high, which is because the heat pump always heats the tank when the air for the ventilation is heated.The sensor of the differential control of the fluid pump is placed inappropriately. Hereby the fluid part performs about 5% less.The air through the solar collectors is controlled by the difference between the room temperature and the solar collector temperature. The air differential control should be changed in such a way that the air is drawn through the solar collectors when the air temperature of the solar collectors is e.g. 5 K higher than the open air temperature.It has turned out that under the given conditions the system (compared to the simulations) performs as expected.If the heat pump is changed in such a way that it only heats the tank to max. 55ºC the net utilized solar energy of the system can be increased by approximately 30%.All things considered, it is estimated that the net utilized solar energy of the system can be increased by about 40% on condition that the proposed changes are carried out.