1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Science and Technology, Aarhus University2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus University3 Lincoln 116 Brace Laboratory4 University of Colorado5 Observatoire de Paris et de l'Université de Cergy Pontoise6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Science and Technology, Aarhus University
The fast outflow emerging from a region associated with massive star formation in the Orion Molecular Cloud 1 (OMC-1), located behind the Orion Nebula, appears to have been set in motion by an explosive event. Here we study the structure and dynamics of outflows in OMC-1. We combine radial velocity and proper motion data for near-IR emission of molecular hydrogen to obtain the first 3-dimensional (3D) structure of the OMC-1 outflow. Our work illustrates a new diagnostic tool for studies of star formation that will be exploited in the near future with the advent of high spatial resolution spectro-imaging in particular with data from the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA). We use published radial and proper motion velocities obtained from the shock-excited vibrational emission in the H2 v=1-0 S(1) line at 2.122 $\mu$m obtained with the GriF instrument on the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, the Apache Point Observatory, the Anglo-Australian Observatory and the Subaru Telescope. These data give the 3D velocity of ejecta yielding a 3D reconstruction of the outflows. This allows one to view the material from different vantage points in space giving considerable insight into the geometry. Our analysis indicates that the ejection occurred <720 years ago from a distorted ring-like structure of ~15" (6000 AU) in diameter centered on the proposed point of close encounter of the stars BN, source I and maybe also source n. We propose a simple model involving curvature of shock trajectories in magnetic fields through which the origin of the explosion and the centre defined by extrapolated proper motions of BN, I and n may be brought into spatial coincidence.