Liu, Wen1; Lund, Henrik3; Mathiesen, Brian Vad3; Zhang, Xiliang7
1 Department of Development and Planning, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN2 The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN3 Sustainable Energy Planning Research Group, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN4 Strategic Research Centre on Zero Energy Buildings, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN5 Aalborg University Copenhagen, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN6 The Danish Centre for Environmental Assessment, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN7 Institute of Energy, Environment, and Economy, Tsinghua University, Energy Science Building C301, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100086, China
Along with high-speed economic development and increasing energy consumption, the Chinese Government faces a growing pressure to maintain the balance between energy supply and demand. In 2009, China has become both the largest energy consumer and CO2 emitting country in the world. In this case, the inappropriate energy consumption structure should be changed. As an alternative, a suitable infrastructure for the implementation of renewable energy may serve as a long-term sustainable solution. The perspective of a 100% renewable energy system has been analyzed and discussed in some countries previously. In this process, assessment of domestic renewable energy sources is the first step. Then appropriate methodologies are needed to perform energy system analyses involving the integration of more sustainable strategies. Denmark may serve as an example of how sustainable strategies can be implemented. The Danish system has demonstrated the possibility of converting into a 100% renewable energy system. This paper discusses the perspective of renewable energy in China firstly, and then analyses whether it is suitable to adopt similar methodologies applied in other countries as China approaches a renewable energy system. The conclusion is that China’s domestic renewable energy sources are abundant and show the possibility to cover future energy demand; the methodologies used to analyse a 100% renewable energy system are applicable in China. Therefore, proposing an analysis of a 100% renewable energy system in China is not unreasonable.