Initially, molecular techniques were used to detect and distinguish Plasmodiophora pathotypes in soil. Meanwhile, chromosomes from 2.2 Mb to 680 kb are characterized and the total genome size is estimated to be approximately 20 Mb. Furthermore, the genomic gene structure and the cDNA structure of several genes have been revealed, and the expression of those genes has been linked to development of clubroot to some extent. In addition, the sequence data have reinforced the inclusion of the plasmodiophorids within the Cercozoa. The recent successes in molecular biology have produced new approaches for clubroot research.
Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2009, Vol 28, Issue 3, p. 245-251