Sloth, Jens Jørgen2; Larsen, Erik Huusfeldt1; Julshamn, Kåre3
1 Division of Food Chemistry, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark2 National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark3 unknown
A method for the determination of inorganic arsenic in seafood samples using high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is described. The principle of the method relied on microwave-assisted alkaline dissolution of the sample, which at the same time oxidized arsenite [As(Ill)] to arsenate [As(V)], whereby inorganic arsenic could be determined as the single species As(V). Anion exchange chromatography using isocratic elution with aqueous ammonium carbonate as the mobile phase was used for the separation of As(V) from other coextracted organoarsenic compounds, including arsenobetaine. The stability of organoarsenic compounds during the sample pretreatment was investigated, and no degradation/conversion to inorganic arsenic was detected. The method was employed for the determination of inorganic arsenic in a variety of seafood samples including fish, crustaceans, bivalves, and marine mammals as well as a range of marine certified reference materials, and the results were compared to values published in the literature. For fish and marine mammals, the results were in most cases below the limit of detection. For other sample types, inorganic arsenic concentrations up to 0.060 mg kg(-1) were found. In all samples, the inorganic arsenic content constituted less than 1% of the total arsenic content.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2005, Vol 53, Issue 15, p. 6011-6018