A potato (Solanum tuberosum L. ) cDNA coding for the chloroplastic isoform of fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (cp-FBPase) was utilized to repress its activity in tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) using antisense techniques. The patatin B33 promoter was used to ensure fruit specificity of the antisense effect. Transgenic plants were isolated in which fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase activity was reduced by more than 50% of the control in green fruits. Immunoblots indicated that the plastidial isoform was almost completely eliminated in the most strongly inhibited lines. Fruits of the transgenic plants were analyzed for levels of metabolites during fruit development. Glucose and fructose concentrations were increased in green fruits in the transgenic lines, but unchanged at later stages of development. The sucrose concentration was low, and was not significantly altered in the transgenic lines. There was net degradation of starch over the developmental period, but the starch content was not decreased. In green fruit the levels of hexose phosphates were unchanged, whilst the level of 3-phosphoglyceric acid was significantly increased in one line. Most importantly the deduced ratio of hexose phosphate to 3-phosphoglyceric acid decreased, consistent with an in vivo inhibition of fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase activity. One consequence of this reduction of in vivo activity of cp-FBPase was that the average weight of fully ripe fruits was significantly decreased by up to 20% in all transgenic lines in comparison with the control.